Blood carries oxygen and other essential substances to organs and tissues. When heavy bleeding occurs, there is not enough blood in circulation for the heart to be an effective pump. Once the body loses these substances faster than it can replace them, organs in the body begin to shut down and the symptoms of shock occur. Blood pressure begins to fall at high speed, which can be life-threatening. When a person loses more than 20 percent (one-fifth) of his body's blood, due to severe bleeding, a life-threatening condition, known as hypovolemic shock or hemorrhagic shock occurs in the body. This condition requires immediate emergency medical attention.
Chronic constipation can result in all major colorectal disorders starting with enlarged hemorrhoids and ending up with colorectal cancer. A colon is designed by nature to hold a few pounds of feces in transit. When a person gets constipated, the colon may be holding 10, 20 or more lbs. These large, heavy stools enlarge and stretch out the colon, irritate the colon mucosa, harm the anal canal, and may produce toxins related to fermentation and rotting. Constipation affects genitourinary health, particularly for women, because the large intestine and the female reproductive organs reside in close proximity. Constipation causes undue pressure on the uterus results in rectal prolapsed inside the vagina, which can cause fecal incontinence to miscarriage from straining, and numerous other serious problems. Chronic constipation strips the large intestine from its thinning, mucosal membrane, and causes flat lesions and polyps that eventually transform into colon cancer.
Chronic diarrhea can cause effects in the body that can be serious and life-threatening such as dehydration the condition that occurs when the body lacks enough fluid to function properly. If left untreated, dehydration can become serious. Acute dehydration can be life threatening to babies and young children. This is because their smaller bodies are more vulnerable to dehydration, they seek medical attention urgently.
The colon is the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum and absorbs excess fluids from the partially digested food as it passes through the digestive tract. When the intestines fail to absorb fluids, electrolytes, or minerals, remain in the stool they are flushed out in the diarrhea. The body requires the right balance of electrolytes to maintain the normal functioning of the body and support organ functions and help in muscle actions, according to MedLine plus and the National Institutes of Health.
Burns are a type of painful wound caused by thermal, electrical, chemical, or electromagnetic energy. Smoking and open flame are the leading causes of burn injury for older adults.
A severe burn can be a seriously devastating injury -- not only physically but emotionally. Persons with severe burns may be left with a loss of certain physical abilities, including loss of limb(s), disfigurement, loss of mobility, scarring, and recurrent infections because the burned skin has decreased ability to fight infection. In addition, severe burns can penetrate deep skin layers, causing muscle or tissue damage that may affect every system of the body.
Burns can also cause emotional problems such as depression, nightmares, or flashbacks from the traumatizing event.
The most important thing to do in case of a snake bite is to get emergency medical help as soon as possible. Identification of the snake as venomous or non-venomous should not be used as criteria whether to seek medical care. If someone can identify the type of snake, a call to the emergency department will help the staff prepare for quick treatment with antivenin, if needed. If left untreated, the symptoms will get more complex and even death can occur also.
Drowning is the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersion or immersion in liquid.
During drowning the body is deprived of oxygen, which can damages organs, particularly the brain and the lungs. Some people who are revived after prolonged submersion have permanent brain damage because of the lack of oxygen. People who inhale foreign particles may develop secondary drowning, with aspiration pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome, causing prolonged difficulty breathing. Such difficulty breathing may not become severe or even apparent until hours after being removed from the water. People who drown in cold water often have hypothermia.
Electrical injuries may be caused by exposure to natural lightning or electricity in the home or workplace. Electrical injury includes electrocution, electric shock, burns, and secondary injuries.
Shocks can give rise to burns. Electric shocks of higher voltage can give rise to internal burns, which can result in organ failure and even death. An electric shock can interfere with the nervous control especially on the heart, lungs. When a small current is passed through the chest, it can result in ventricular fibrillation. If this is not treated immediately by defibrillation, it can be lethal as the heart muscle cells start moving independently.
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. It can cause changes in a person’s behavior, movements or feelings, and in levels of consciousness. If a person have two or more seizures, or a tendency to have recurrent seizures, the person may have epilepsy.
Having a seizure at certain times, can lead to circumstances that can be dangerous for the patient. He /she might be at risk of:
A fever is a temporary increase in body temperature, often due to an infection or any other illness. Having a fever is a sign that something abnormal is going on in body. A fever may be uncomfortable for a person but generally is not a cause of concern unless it reaches 103 F (39.4 C) or higher.
Children are much more sensitive to fever. If a child is younger than 3 months, and having even slightly elevated temperature, it should be taken seriously. For older babies and kids, having a temperature higher than 101 F (38.3 C), refuses to have water or food, and becomes more irritable than usual, see the doctor immediately. For adults, if at any point of time, your body temperature is more than 103 F (39.4 C), and lasts longer than 3 days, see the doctor immediately.
Forceful and involuntary ejection of the stomach's content through the mouth or sometimes nose.
Severe vomiting can cause serious and life-threatening effects such as dehydration (the condition that occurs when the body lacks enough fluid to function properly). If left untreated, dehydration can become serious. Acute dehydration can be life threatening to babies and young children. This is because their smaller bodies are more vulnerable to dehydration, they seek medical attention urgently.
A sting from a bee can be quite painful. In most cases, bee sting can be just annoying, but if the person is allergic to bee sting, or having multiple stings, then the condition may gets serious, and it requires emergency treatment.
If you have any serious symptom like paleness, nausea and vomiting, breathing trouble, weak and rapid pulse then you should immediately seek medical help.
In medical terms, a foreign body is something that is in the body currently but does not belong there. Either they are inserted in the body or they are swallowed. They can stuck in any part of the body such as ear, eye, nose, throat, airway etc.
Symptoms of a foreign body depends on the location of the object, such as
If the object is stuck in the airway, then it can be a potential life threatening condition.
Pain is an unpleasant sensation that ranges from mild, localized discomfort to severe, sharp, burning pain.
Pain cane be of several types, such as:
Pains such as abdominal pain or chest pain are serious medical conditions that always require emergency medical intervention.
Trauma is any physical injury caused by an external source.
Trauma can be of different types, such as:
Trauma can be either blunt force trauma (where object or force strikes the body, often causing unconsciousness, broken bones or deep cuts) or penetrating trauma (when an object pierces skin or body, usually creating an open wound). Both type of trauma causes inflammation of the soft tissue, blood loss and other serious complications, which can further lead to secondary infection, sepsis and other life threatening events. So any type pf trauma need emergency medical treatment.